Program for Identification of sub-cellular localization of Eukaryotic proteins: Animal/Fungi.
Protcomp-AN combines several methods of protein localization prediction - neural networks-based prediction; direct comparison with updated base of homologous proteins of known localization; comparisons of pentamer distributions calculated for query and DB sequences; prediction of certain functional peptide sequences, such as signal peptides, signal-anchors, GPI-anchors, transit peptides of mitochondria and chloroplasts and transmembrane segments; and search for certain localization-specific motifs. It means that the program treats correctly complete sequences only, containing signal sequences, anchors, and other functional peptides, if any. The program includes separately trained recognizers for plant proteins, which dramatically improves recognition accuracy. The following table provides approximate prediction accuracy for each compartment of animal/fungal proteins. Testing was performed on a samples of proteins of known localization (~200 in each localization), which were NOT included in training samples for the programs.
|Compartment||Percent predicted correctly|
|ver. 4||ver. 5||ver. 6|
Output sample for complete version:
ProtComp Version 6. Identifying sub-cellular location (Animals&Fungi) Seq name: QUERY, Length=376 Significant similarity in Location DB - Location:Cytoplasmic Database sequence: AC=P08319 Location:Cytoplasmic DE Alcohol dehydrogenase class II pi chain precurs Score=14845, Sequence length=391, Alignment length=365 Predicted by Neural Nets - Extracellular (Secreted) with score 2.4 Integral Prediction of protein location: Cytoplasmic with score 14.7 Location weights: LocDB / PotLocDB / Neural Nets / Pentamers / Integral Nuclear 0.0 / 0.0 / 0.71 / 0.00 / 0.71 Plasma membrane 0.0 / 0.0 / 0.73 / 0.00 / 0.73 Extracellular 0.0 / 0.0 / 2.42 / 0.00 / 2.42 Cytoplasmic 14845.0 / 18465.0 / 0.83 / 8.50 / 14.68 Mitochondrial 0.0 / 0.0 / 0.70 / 0.00 / 0.70 Endoplasm. retic. 0.0 / 0.0 / 0.70 / 0.50 / 1.21 Peroxisomal 0.0 / 0.0 / 0.49 / 0.00 / 0.49 Lysosomal 0.0 / 0.0 / 0.33 / 0.00 / 0.33 Golgi 0.0 / 0.0 / 0.40 / 0.00 / 0.40
LocDB are scores based on query protein's homologies with proteins of known localization.
PotLocDB are scores based on homologies with proteins which locations are not experimentally known but are assumed based on strong theoretical evidence.
Neural Nets are scores have been assigned by neural networks.
Pentamers are scores based on comparisons of pentamer distributions calculated for QUERY and DB sequences.
Integral are final scores as combinations of previous four scores.
In this reduced version time and disk space consuming processes of DB search and comparisons of pentamers' distributions are abandoned. Columns "LocDB" and "PotLocDB" (results of DB search) and/or "Pentamers" (results of comparisons of pentamers' distributions) are excluded from output tables. However, one should remember, that such abandonment decreases recognition accuracy.
While interpreting output results, it must be kept in mind that:
1. Protcomp's scores per se, being weights of complex neural networks, do not represent probabilities of protein's location in a particular compartment.
2. Significant homology with protein of known location is a very strong indicator of query protein's location.
3. For neural networks scores, their relative values for different compartments are more important than absolute values, i.e. if the second best score is much lower than the best one, prediction is more reliable, regardless of absolute values.
4. If both neural networks and homology predictions point to the same compartment, this is very reliable prediction.